Can you sort these molecules according to increasing triplet excitation energies?
Some basic considerations might suggest that energies go down as the size of the molecule increases. But this is incorrect. The decisive feature of these molecules is their ground-state antiaromaticity along with their potential for excited-state Baird aromaticity. Triplet excitation energies increase sharply going from 1 (0.1 eV) via 2 (1.9 eV) to 3 (2.6 eV). This can be understood in the sense that antiaromaticity is blurred as the molecule becomes larger.
More strikingly, when going from 3 to 4 or 5, the energy drops again dramatically down to 1.0 eV. This effect is explained following Ayub et al. by the simple fact that these molecule possess resonance structures with simultaneous quartets and sextets.
A new study led by C. Heshmatpour and J. Hauer from TU München studies exciton-exciton annihilation in a squaraine trimer. The experiment exploits 5th-order optical spectroscopy to study the evolution of the trimer after two-photon excitation into its bi-exciton state. Quantum chemistry computations performed by M. Menger, now located at Groningen, provide the required parameters to model the experimental signals within a Frenkel exciton model. The associated article Annihilation Dynamics of Molecular Excitons Measured at a Single Perturbative Excitation Energy just appeared in J. Phys. Chem. Lett.
Quantum chemical computations were used to aid in the assignment of the structures produced and characterised via infrared multiple photon dissociation spectroscopy. An interactive model showing the relevant molecular vibrations can be found here.
Characterising excited states in transition metal complexes by looking at pictures of orbitals can be a tedious task. Even more, it is hard to eliminate personal in the process and produce quantitative results. In a study led by Pedro Sánchez-Murcia from the University of Vienna, we have taken a closer look at this problem in the case of various substituted complexes deriving from the archetype Ru(bpy)3 with the aim of quantifying how different substituents influence the localisation of the excited electron. The result is presented in the article “Orbital-free photophysical descriptors to predict directional excitations in metal-based photosensitizers,” which just appeared in Chemical Science.
Columbus is a collection of programs for high-level ab initio electronic structure computations. Through the use of multireference methods even highly challenging systems such as excited states and open-shell molecules are accessible. The availability of gradients and nonadiabatic coupling vectors allows for photodynamics simulations describing ultrafast internal conversion processes. The capabilities of Columbus have been showcased in a recent paper: The generality of the GUGA MRCI approach in COLUMBUS for treating complex quantum chemistry that just appeared in J. Chem. Phys. as part of a themed collection Electronic Structure Software.
A new release of the programm package, available to registered users, has been made available on the distribution page.
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